Types of Bikes In The World

Types of bikes in the world

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If you are a beginner in the cycling world and planning to invest in a bike, you might be intimidated by the sheer variety of bikes in the market.

In any case, bikes are divided into seemingly endless categories and sub-categories.

Fortunately, we've done the hard work for you, and in this article, we shall list all the popular bike models in the market plus an overview of each.

So, whether you're looking to nest in a bike for mountain riding or casual riding, we shall help you make a more informed decision in your next purchase.

1. Road Bikes

road bike

Road bikes are easily identifiable by their ultra-skinny tires and drop down handle frames.

The skinny attires, alongside their lightness and frame position, tailor them for speed.

Like their name suggests, the road bikes are meant for use in the smooth pavements.

Though they can be used on unpaved trails, many users find them uncomfortable and unstable on the rugged trails.

Plus, the narrow tire construction makes them susceptible to damage.

The road bikes are a suitable option for the adrenaline junkies, looking or speed on paved roads.

2. Touring Bike

touring bike

Touring bikes are a type of road bike.

Though they're primarily designed for riding on pavements, they're more durable for use on self-supported long-distance riding.

Like their name suggests, they’re ideal for touring and are fitted with cargo racks and fenders for load-carrying capacity.

Regarding tire size, they have the fast-rolling 700c wheels, but their wheels are a tad fat to support greater comfort.

Touring bikes are versatile all-rounder bikes. 

They offer a relaxed riding stance alongside a stable geometry to tackle almost any riding terrain.

3. Mountain bikes

full suspension mountain bike

Mountain bike is ruggedly durable and ideal for the off-road terrains.

Unlike the latter two models, these bikes are built tough with aggressive and knobbly tires.

These tires are further wide and will provide you with the traction, and a stable foot grip regardless of the terrain.

These bikes have either flat or upright handlebars or low gear range to cover the steep ground.

A typical mountain bike will have some form of suspension and an incredible gearing system to absorb shock and keep you rolling smoothly on the rugged ground.

4. Hybrid bike

Schwinn Wayfarer 700c Women’s Hybrid Bike

Hybrid bikes are best described as a halfway between road bikes and mountain bikes.

These bikes take comfort cues from the mountain bikes, thanks to the comfy riding position. Similarly, they're fast-paced, though not as fast as the road bikes. 

But the lighter frame alongside the fast-rolling wheels gives them a speed edge over mountain bikes.

Hybrid-bikes are suitable for casual riding, and ideal for those who do not want to restrict their comfort over performance, more particularly speed. 

More importantly, they make an inspired choice for those who similarly do not want to get restricted to the pavements alone. 

A hybrid, though not as rugged as mountain bikes, can perform some lightweight off duty tasks.

5. Cyclocross Or Gravel Bikes

Cyclocross bike

Cyclocross, also known as gravel bikes, are an all-road bike suitable for use on a mixed surface course.

The Cyclocross is ideal for use on a variety of surfaces, including pavements, gravel, grass, and unpaved trails. 

These bikes combine the knobby wheels of a mountain bike, plus the lighter frames and speed for the road bikes.

They have a drop handlebar similar to that of regular road bikes, meaning they are optimized for speed, thanks to the aerodynamic position they offer.

6. Fixed gear Or Single Speed Bikes

single speed bikes

The fixed gear bikes are also known as single speed bikes or fixies.

A true fixe lacks freewheel, meaning you always have to pedal to move.

They’re ideal for those looking for an ultra-simple and minimalist bike.

They’re in many ways compared to the track bikes and are popular for use in the city roads.

In the hands of a seasoned rider, they can be lighting fast and are often used by racers in training. This is because they force the riders to spin consistently and achieve a higher cadence.

7. City or Duty-style Bike

sixthreezero EVRYjourney Women's Step-Through Hybrid Cruiser Bicycle

The city bike is also known as a Duty-style bike. 

It’s incredible for providing short-range distances transit in the relatively flat towns and cities.

While they’re not as rugged as the mountain bike, the city bikes will easily shrug off the pavement potholes.

What users love about this class of bike lies on its simplicity and practicality.

When riding in an upright position, the city bike offers a commanding view of the city.

On the flip side, however, they're quite bulky, and the upright stance on this unit is not efficient.

8. Electric Bike

electric bike

An electric bike will give you the assistance you need when cycling.

The e-bikes are a superb option for commuters who don’t want to hassle themselves with cycling, or want to arrive at their destination is a less sweaty state.

They’re also superb models for those who are less confident about their fitness and are looking for a boost during their cycling experience.

A majority of the e-bikes are designed for comfort. 

However, when compared to regular bikes within its class, there’s a significant weight and price premium in e-bikes.

9. Folding bike

folding bike

The folding bikes are simple, intuitive, and minimalistic bikes.

They are ideal for those looking to combine riding with urban portability. 

Like their name suggests, they can be folded and hence ideal where space is of the essence.

Besides space, the folding bikes are suited for short-distance rides and are particularly handy when you need to hop from the subway or bus to get to your destination.

10. Kids’ Bike

kids bikes

There’re different classes of kids bikes in the market, and the varying needs of your kid will determine the exact type of kid bike they need.

For instance, balance bikes are suited for toddlers to pre-school kids.

Once they're through with this stage, they will upgrade to 16-inch wheels, and hopefully, they will pedaling the bike without requiring the assistance of stabilizers.

As their skills get fine-tuned, they will move up the pecking order to 20-inch wheel bikes. Here, the gears will start to appear.

Finally, by the time they reach age nine, they will be riding 24-inch wheel bikes, which are essentially the mini-version of the adult bikes. Here, you can expect more than gears, but also suspension and disc brakes as well.

11. Adventure Bikes

adventure bikes

The adventure bikes are a new category of bikes in the market.

They're a splinter from the popular road bike class and are sometimes call adventure road bike or gravel bike.

A highly versatile bike class, they are similar in many ways to the cyclocross and are ideal for use in a variety of terrains. 

Like the road bikes, the sport drop handlebars, but they come with wider tires.

The overall frame geometry on the adventure bikes is extended and more upright, and this makes them suitable for the long day saddling and commuting.

12. Fitness  Bike

stationery bike

The fitness bikes are also known as performance hybrid or flat-road bikes.

They have the edge over the regular bikes in almost every aspect, including lightweight constructions, flat/upright handle gars for comfort, and relatively narrow tires for efficiency on pavement.

They are suitable for riders looking or a lightweight and aerodynamic bike that does not sacrifice comfort.

Like the touring backs, their fitness bikes do come with cargo compartment and fenders, and this makes them ideal for long-distance commuting.

13. Triathlon/Time Trial Bikes

triathlon bike

The trial bikes come with a specialized design that optimizes their aerodynamic properties.

The bike comes with an extended frame, and the drop-down handlebars will require you to crouch forward when riding.

In effect, this bike allows you to sit in a "crouched" stance that greatly reduces wind resistance and increases the aerodynamics of the riding position.

14. Cruiser Bikes

cruiser bikes

Cruise bikes are a close cousin to the hybrid bikes; they have plenty in resemblance, including comfort, upright riding posture, and purpose.

Like hybrid bikes, cruiser bikes are ideal for casual rides.

However, unlike the hybrids, these models come with wide "balloon" tires and more swept-back handlebars.

A majority of the cruiser bikes are single or 3-speed bikes and usually comes with the traditional coaster brakes.

Cruiser bikes are suitable for short-distance commuting and are adapted to the fairly flat grounds.

15. Dual Sport Bikes

dual sport bikes

The dual-bikes are a sub-category of the hybrid bikes, but they deserve an independent mention.

The dual-sport bikes offer more than the versatility of their parent model, but they are more aggressive both in performance and style.

The sport a relatively flat handlebar, and a majority of them have front suspension.

They're not tailored for comfort, and this is evident with the more performance-oriented seats as opposed to the large comfortable seats.

Highly versatile like the hybrids, they make excellent commuter bikes as well as tour bikes on unpaved roads.

16. Clown Bike

clown bikes

They clown bikes are not used for transport or carrying cargo, but they’re more of ornamental bikes.

In particular, they’re used for spectacle and comedy.

There's no particular componentry on these bikes as the intricacies of manufacturing these bikes are truly diverse.

17. Tandem Bikes

tandem bikes

Tandem bikes are built for two.

Like the clown bikes, there exists disparity in tandem bikes as these models are available in a variety of styles from cruisers, hybrid to off-road mountain bike tandem.

18. Adult Trike

adult trike

Adult trikes are exactly what they sound like: they’re three-wheeled cycling devices.

The adult trikes are designed for use by adults, especially those who cannot ride a two-wheeled bike.

More importantly, they're ideal for adults who usually have difficulty in balancing and want a reliable and safe alternative.

Adult-trikes, like kids bikes, are available in a variety of configurations.

19. Beach Cruiser

beach cruiser

Beach cruisers are a specialized version of the cruiser we’ve reviewed above.

However, these bikes are tailored for use only on flat terrains and are suitable for cycling on the beach.

Their highlight, however, is the high handlebars, alongside the fenders and chain guards.

Since they are not to be sued on steep or hilly terrains, most of these bikes usually have few speeds.

20. Commuting Bikes

commuter bike

Again, the name says it all; generally, these bikes are used for general transit services, regardless of the style.

Most of the commuting bikes usually come with basic bike amenities such as racks, bags, locks, and fender.

The orientation and general design of the commuting bikes make them more of utilitarian transit equipment.

21. Recumbent

recumbent exercise bike

The recumbent bikes come with a non-traditional design.

These bikes usually place the rider in a lower and reclining position; the rider is usually seated near to the ground.

They're the incredible bike for providing upper body support and similarly effective at providing cardio to the lower body.

22. Exercise Bikes

stationery bike

Exercise bikes are yet another class of bike that is truly unique from the standard bikes.

For starters, most of these bikes are used indoors, and as their name suggests, they're primarily designed for fitness purposes.

23. BMX/ Trick Bike

bmx bike

BMX is an acronym or Bike Moto Cross. 

BMX bikes, also known as stunt bikes, are single-speed bikes used to race around short dirt tracks while focusing on the performance of tricks and stunts.

BMX bikes are primarily used to perform freestyle riding and racing.


Now you have a list of all the bike styles in the world.

Which one do you think will fit your cycling needs?

Leave a Reply 4 comments

C. Crawford - January 23, 2020 Reply

Another very popular bike in Europe is the cargo bike, with a large box in front of the rider. These are extremely popular in the Netherlands and Denmark for carrying small children, as well as groceries and other goods.

    Harold Whitford - January 27, 2020 Reply

    We are going to add cargo bikes in this list. Thank you for the feedback.

Bobby Lamb - March 31, 2020 Reply

This is an excellent article showing the different types of bikes. Really annoys me when people go off moaning about the accessories. It’s like picking a car based on its reversing sensors and cup holders. Yes to be considered but we look at the type of car first.

Derek Stewart - April 23, 2020 Reply

Yes, I agree Road Bikes are a suitable option for the adrenaline junkies, looking or speed on paved roads. In this COVID-19 situation, people are using mostly road bike excluding public transport.

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